Weather phenomenon caused atypical drought


The National Forestry Commission (Conafor) reports that a critical season in forest fires is expected this year, because we are under the conditions of the ENOS-La Niña weather phenomenon. Which is expected to continue until spring, according to the forecast of the National Water Commission (Conagua).

This climatic phenomenon has caused low temperatures and little rainfall in most of the country, reducing humidity in forest areas, a situation similar to 2011. This atypical drought increases the presence and expansion of forest fires in the Mexican territory.

According to conafor's weekly statistic, 499 forest fires have been attended in the second week of February 2021, 366 fires more than the same period in 2020 when a record of 133 was available.

To address this situation, Conafor will hold an inter-agency meeting to strengthen coordination through shared responsibility between the three government orders and rural communities.

At this meeting, it will present the National Fire Management Program 2020-2024 which establishes collaborative actions aimed at reducing the deterioration of forest ecosystems caused by misuse of fire, as according to its statistics, the human factor remains the main cause.

It should be noted that Conafor already has a Hazard Prediction System comparable to those used in the USA and Canada, which is based on information provided by the Conagua and Conabio National Meteorological System that also considers the human factor in the incidence of fires, resulting in data that contribute to responsiveness in federal entities , as well as municipalities, for the planning, prevention, detection, combat and control of forest fires.

It also takes cultural prevention into account, and since January is carrying out physical prevention activities such as: short fire gaps, black lines and prescribed burns that decrease forest fuels in the states with the largest forest area.

For the time being, people are asked to exercise extreme precautions in the use of fire, as the human factor remains the main cause of fires including agricultural activities, campfires and poorly extinguished cigarette butts, illicit activities, among others.

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