FRIDAY, JUNE 4TH, 2021
The UN today called on more than a hundred countries to fulfil their commitment to restore at least one billion hectares of degraded land in the face of the triple threat of climate change, biodiversity loss and pollution.
The world must live up to its commitment to restore at least one billion hectares of degraded land in the next decade– an area the size of China.
The report, published by the United Nations Environment Program and the FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION of the UN, stresses that humanity is using around 1.6 times the number of resources that nature can provide in a sustainable way, so conservation efforts alone are "insufficient".
The ecosystems that require urgent restoration are farmland, forests, grasslands and savannas, mountains, peatlands, urban areas, freshwaters and oceans, the UN said, emphasizing that, among the communities living on nearly two billion degraded hectares, are some of the poorest and most marginalized in the world.
The report, based on the latest scientific data, estimates that the global costs of land restoration - which does not include that of marine ecosystems - amount to at least 200,000 million dollars a year (164,000 million euros) between 2021 and 2030, but that, for every dollar invested in restoration, up to 30 dollars in economic benefits will be generated.